Prevalence of DV victimization was 35% and perpetration was 31%.
A three-class model fit adequately and provided conceptual cohesion: Class 1 = non-involved (65%); Class 2 = victims/perpetrators of verbal DV (30%); and Class 3 = victims/perpetrators of verbal and physical DV (5%).
Forty-six percent of youth daters had perpetrated psychological TDV.
Gender differences among classes were examined for depressive symptoms, health complaints, and substance use.
While daters are encouraged to develop and use healthy relationship skills in their dating relationships, nondaters are encouraged to use those skills in peer relationships, as peer relationships provide a foundation for later romantic relationships.
For students involved in an unhealthy or unsafe dating relationship, there is a fifth intervention track focusing on keeping oneself safe in relationships.
The research has mainly focused on Caucasian youth, and there are yet no studies which focus specifically on IPV in adolescent same-sex romantic relationships.
Intimate partner violence (IPV) in adolescents is an important realm of study as, in addition to the usual negative effects of abuse, this violence occurs at a critical period in the social and mental development of a person.